What Role Performed the "Civilizing Mission” Play in the Expansion of Britain's Empire in the 19th Century?
What role would the " civilizing mission” play in the growth of Britain's empire in the 19th century? At the close of the nineteenth century Rudyard Kipling preserved the current attitude of Britain's perceptive elite in a poem -- " The White Male's Burden”. In his work Kipling confirms the hubris of the generation of Britons who were entirely persuaded that they were culturally, detailed, and morally superior to the " new-caught…Half-devil and half-child” natives with the British groupe. This idea in the brilliance of traditional western values manifested in the air travel of 1000s of philanthropically minded Victorians through the British Empire. These types of emigrants consisted of a section of society powered to do their duty and fulfil the " national mission”. (Chamberlain 1897: VI) That was, to bring the " savages” out of their infant " barbaric” stage of creation and in to the light of civilization. This kind of essay can argue that the " civilizing mission” has not been merely an accompanying ideological motive intended for expansion yet that it played an essential functional role in consolidating colonial time rule in the 19th 100 years. Through the imp?t of american education, faith, and regulation the " civilizing mission” aided British expansion by creating better stability in crown groupe. With these types of conditions in place it was feasible for Britain to reap the political and economic benefits of occupation. Within a study in the mourning regulations imposed upon Indian girls in the mid-19th century Parita Mukta shows how the dispersing of american tradition simply by colonial capabilities was used in order to avoid social violent uprising and therefore " enabled the consolidation of colonial rule” (Mukta 99: 25). Colonial powers reported the " loud weeping” and " breast-beating” of girls at funerals (which happened in public locations) to be a ancient and backwards expression of grief. Nevertheless , apart from enabling women an emotional wall socket for their sorrow " Laments provided the room for the voicing of harsh sociable truths” (Mukta 1999: 29). The United kingdom colonial forces were extremely aware of the social benefits of such laments. A. E Forbes published " These utterances of grief happen to be rude, but they are far from unaffecting, even towards the stranger. ” (Forbes, 1878 cited in Mukta, 99: 35) The " lack of a powerful arena” for females to criticize these responsible for a loved their death was of great profit to the imperialiste government. With the dramatic lament banned English rulers had been spared the loud and emotive claims of the victim's female relations. This can be known as evidence that by " civilizing” the feminine Indian lament, the English were able to stop the potential start of a problem to imperialiste rule. You will find those who might challenge the suggestion the civilizing in the lament was a calculated make an effort to increase imperialiste control in India. Rather, the loss of political power suffered by ladies could be explained as an unfortunate consequence of a " civilizing” process that did substantially improve the lives of American indian women. The movement such as also banned female infanticide and gave women increased marital rights (Mukta 1999: 45). Yet , the important timing with the social reconstructs which started just after the costly 1857 Indian Mutiny suggests that the government was aware about the subduing effects the newest policy could have and it was for this reason it turned out put into practice. (Mukta 1999: 29-30) India was not the only colonized country wherever government support for the role with the " civilizing mission” can be viewed a means to gain control without the continued utilization of force. Govt effort to spread american culture inside the sugar groupe of the Indian Ocean and the Caribbean tremendously increased by the end of the 19th century mainly because it was known that there was there was a " immediate relation between your social wellness of the sweets colonies and Britain's potential safely and inexpensively and easily to retain them”. (Patterson Johnson, 1995: 257) Patterson uses evidence of British government spending to show...
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Kipling, Rudyard (1899) ‘The White Male's Burden' www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/kipling.asp, date reached 05/11/2011
Mukta, Parita (1999) ‘‘The 'Civilizing Mission ': The Regulation and Control over Mourning in Colonial India' Feminist Review, 63/Negotiations and Resistances: 25-47
Patterson Cruz, James (1995), ‘Empire and Social Change: British Liberals and the " Civilizing Mission" in the Sweets Colonies, 1868-1874' Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, 27/2: 253-277
The next Reform Action (1884) www.citizenshipfoundation.org.uk/main/page.php?82, date seen 05/11/2011