RuAnn H. Cockroach
April 18, 2014
Introduction to Psychology
PS124 – 14
Dr . E. Latimer
John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner were the forefathers of behavioral learning, an alternative medical perspective to the failure of introspection. Where Ivan Pavlov used traditional conditioning (learning that occurs when a neutral government becomes connected with a stimulus that obviously produces a behavior) these behaviorists, Watson and Skinner, focused their research entirely about behavior. Relating to our text message (Stangor, C., 2010, p. 198), ”the fundamental aspect of learning is the process of conditioning… the ability to hook up stimuli (changes that occur in the environment) with replies (behaviors or other actions). ” Encompassed within this conventional paper will be my personal definitions with the following conditioning terms and an example of each: 1 . Operant conditioning
2 . Positive strengthening
3. Negative reinforcement
some. Positive abuse
5. Negative consequence and,
6. Ethical worries that may occur when using the above methods to alter or alter behavior.
OPERANT CONDITIONING – learning from implications of one's own actions.
M. F. Skinner coined the word operant health in the late 1930's, to describe changing of behavior by utilization of reinforcement to acquire a certain response. He recognized three types of answers (operants) which could follow tendencies: (1) Fairly neutral, responses from your environment that do not boost or cure the behavior in the event that repeated; (2) Reinforcers, reactions from the environment that increase the probability of your behavior staying repeated [positive or negative]; and (3) Punishers, response from the environment that decrease the possibility that a selected behavior will probably be repeated.
Skinner is regarded as the dad of Operant Conditioning, yet most of his work was based on the works of psychologist Edward cullen L Thorndike's Law of Effect. Wherever Thorndike employed a " puzzle box”, Skinner acquired...
References: Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Corridor.
McLeod, S. A, 2007, Skinner, operant conditioning. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditionin.html
Stangor, C. (2010). Introduction to psychology. Irvington, BIG APPLE: Flat Globe Knowledge, Incorporation.
Taylor, C. A., Randello, J. A., Lee, H. J., & Rice, T. C., (2010). Mothers trendy of 3 year old and following risk of kids aggressive behavior. Pediatrics 125(5): e1057-65