blaw Article


The legal issue is actually Jehni can easily legally push Jek to sell the charger at $25.

To do so, there should be a contract produced between these types of 2 get-togethers. A contract is an agreement composed of 4 factors; Offer, Acknowledgement, Consideration and Intention to develop legal contact, all of which has to be present for doing it to hole parties and provide rise to obligations that happen to be legally enforceable.

The first component is give, where a manifestation is made simply by one party (offeror) to a new party (offeree) communicating the offeror's determination to perform a promise. Present can be in the form of writing, mouth or simply by conduct in fact it is only powerful when disseminated to the offeree. It is necessary to determine at which point the offer was made and by whom it was produced.

A great invitation to treat is an invitation to make an offer without the intention to get bound up to now. Hence, acceptance of an request does not result in a contract. Jek's display of his merchandise for sale is mere invite to treat rather than an offer, since seen in Chwee Kin Keong & Other folks v Digilandmall. com Pte Ltd (2004). When Jek mentioned the charger costs $25, it absolutely was a mere supply of information and does not amount to a deal, as noticed in Harvey versus Facey (1893). Subsequently, Jehni said, " OK, yet I have no the cash beside me now but I will find on Mon to pick it up. ” In this case, by offering to buy a charger for $25 next Mon, Jehni (offeror) has made a package to Jek (offeree) with both consideration and intention to produce legal purpose in place.

Subsequently, we have to identify whether Jek's response to Jehni's offer makes up as acknowledgement.

To attain her circumstance, Jehni must show that there was acceptance of her offer. A communication constitutes as popularity only if costly unconditional manifestation of assent to the terms of the offer, while seen in Compaq Computer Asia Pte Ltd v Computer system Interface (S) Pte Ltd (2004). A great acceptance is valid if this corresponds with the offer and was given in response to the give (nexus). Jek's reply to the offer was, " May worry, I will be here everyday next week. ” From his reply, you cannot find any nexus as he did not clearly accept the offer and promise to market Jehni the charger in $25 following Monday. When viewed objectively, it seems vague as to what the parties possess agreed upon and therefore does not constitute as an agreement, as seen in the case of Scammell & Nephew v. Ouston (1941). Since there was clearly no popularity from Jek, no agreement was formed.

All in all, since there was zero acceptance of offer, not any agreement was formed. Hence, Jehni is unable to officially force Jek to sell her the lightweight charger in $25.


The legal issue is whether Jek is definitely legally liable to sell the 3 XPBs to Bill.

To determine this, we will have to see if any binding arrangement was formed together. A binding agreement comprises 4 components; Offer, Acceptance, Consideration and Intention to develop legal relationships, all of which should be present pertaining to an agreement to be legally holding.

The first component of a legally binding agreement is provide, where a manifestation is made by one get together (offeror) to another party (offeree) communicating the offeror's willingness to perform a promise. S11 of Electronic digital Transactions Take action (ETA) says that an present or approval can be directed electronically in the form of an " electronic record”. It is necessary to decide at which point the offer was made and by who it was created by.

An invitation to treat is usually an invite to make an offer and there is zero intention to become bound up to now. Hence, approval of an request does not cause a contract. The catalogue and price screen on Jek's website can be mere request to treat rather than an offer, because seen in Chwee Kin Keong & Others v Digilandmall. com Pte Ltd (2004). Instructions on the webpage to make a buy is a supply of information intended for interested purchasers, not an present. Following the...